<ethics, axiology> worth in some respect, which may be either intrinsic or extrinsic to the things that have it. The most general philosophical issue in the study of value (axiology) is whether values arise from objective or subjective features of experience. Noncognitivists defend a strict distinction between fact and value, and many contemporary thinkers challenge the presumption that human knowledge can ever be genuinely free of value-judgments. Recommended Reading: Michael J. Zimmerman, The Nature of Intrinsic Value (Rowman & Littlefield, 2001); Joel J. Kupperman, Value...and What Follows (Oxford, 1999); Gilbert Harman, Explaining Value: And Other Essays in Moral Philosophy (Clarendon, 2000); Forms of Value and Valuation, ed. by John W. Davis and Rem B. Edwards (Univ. Pr. of Am., 1992); Robin Attfield, Value, Obligation, And Meta-ethics (Rodopi, 1995); and Elizabeth Anderson, Value in Ethics and Economics (Belknap, 1996).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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