<philosophical terminology> an important variety of deductive argument in which a conclusion follows from two or more premises; especially the categorical syllogism. Recommended Reading: Aristotle, Categories, On Interpretation, Prior Analytics, tr. by Hugh Tredennick (Harvard, 1938); Jan Lukasiewicz, Aristotle's Syllogistic from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic (Clarendon, 1957); The New Syllogistic, ed. by George Englebretsen (Peter Lang, 1987); and Bruce E. R. Thompson, An Introduction to the Syllogism and the Logic of Proportional Quantifiers (Peter Lang, 1993).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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