<philosophical terminology> belief that we come to know fundamental truths by recalling our acquaintance with their eternal objects before birth. Plato (perhaps following the lead of Socrates) defended recollection as the source of our knowledge of mathematics and morality in Meno, Phaedo, and The Republic. Recommended Reading: Plato, Five Dialogues: Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno, Phaedo, tr. by G.M.A. Grube (Hackett, 1983) and Dominic Scott, Recollection and Experience: Plato's Theory of Learning and Its Successors (Cambridge, 1995).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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