<philosophical terminology> the intellectual ability to apprehend the truth cognitively, either immediately in intuition, or by means of a process of inference. Recommended Reading: Thomas Nagel, The Last Word (Oxford, 1996); Harold I. Brown, Rationality (Routledge, 1988); Martin Hollis, The Cunning of Reason (Cambridge, 1988); Max Horkheimer, Eclipse of Reason (Continuum, 1974); Ernest Gellner, Reason and Culture: The Historic Role of Rationality and Rationalism (Blackwell, 1992); and Paul M. Churchland, The Engine of Reason, the Seat of the Soul: A Philosophical Journey into the Brain (MIT, 1996).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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