<metaphysics, philosophy of religion> a kind of theism which holds that there is more than one god. It is compatible with henotheism but incompatible with monotheism, by which it was supplanted in the history of Western religion. Polytheism was the dominant view of the supernatural among the ancients, for example in Greek and Roman religion. By contrast, both Judaism and Christianity are monotheistic world-views.
[The Ism Book]
Edited by Giovanni Benzi
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