<philosophy of mind, metaphysics, philosophy of science> the view according to which everything that is real is, in some sense, physical. Since physical entities are the only real existents, mental phenomena like consciousness are illusory or reducible to physical phenomena. Physicalism makes a stronger claim about the specific nature of reality than concretism and in so doing strays from metaphysics or ontology into cosmology. The idea often appears in concert with determinism, reductionism, and epiphenomenalism. See also materialism, physicalism non-reductive, idealism. Recommended Reading: Jeffrey Poland, Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundation (Clarendon, 1994); Physicalism and Its Discontents, ed. by Carl Gillett and Barry Loewer (Cambridge, 2001); Emergence or Reduction?: Essays on the Prospects of Nonreductive Physicalism, ed. by Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr, and Jaegwon Kim (De Gruyter, 1992); and Joseph E. Corbi, Minds, Causes and Mechanisms: A Case Against Physicalism (Blackwell,1999).
Based on [The Ism Book], [Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind], [A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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