<philosophical terminology> literally, "rule by the father"; hence, any social or political system that grants privileged status to males and permits or encourages their domination of females. Most Western cultures have been, and continue to be, patriarchal in this sense. Recommended Reading: Sandra Lee Bartky, Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression (Routledge, 1991); Gerda Lerner, The Creation of Patriarchy (Oxford, 1987); Frances B. O'Connor and Becky S. Drury, The Female Face in Patriarchy: Oppression As Culture (Michigan State, 1998); Carole Pateman, The Disorder of Women: Democracy Feminism and Political Theory (Stanford, 1990); and After Patriarchy: Feminist Transformations of the World Religions, ed. by William R. Eakin, Jay B. McDaniel, and Paula Cooey (Orbis, 1991).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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