<philosophy of mind> most generally, the problem of describing the relationship between the mind and body (or brain). First explicitly raised by Descartes, it is, perhaps, the best known problem in the philosophy of mind.
See dualism, epiphenomenalism, monism, and materialism
Chris Eliasmith - [Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind] Homepage
<history of philosophy, gnoseology, psychology> the difficulty of explaining how the mental activities of human beings relate to their living physical organisms. Historically, the most commonly accepted solutions have included mind-body dualism (Descartes), reductive materialism (Hobbes) or idealism (Berkeley), and the double aspect theory (Spinoza). Although many contemporary philosophers accept some form of identity theory, they often rely on behavioral or functional methods of analyzing mental events and upon the achievements of neuroscience. Recommended Reading: History of the Mind-Body Problem, ed. by Tim Crane and Sarah Patterson (Routldge, 2001); Materialism and the Mind-Body Problem, ed. by David M. Rosenthal (Hackett, 2000); Jaegwon Kim, Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind-Body Problem and Mental Causation (Bradford, 2000); Paul M. Churchland, Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind (MIT, 1988); and Sergio Moravia, The Enigma of the Mind: The Mind-Body Problem in Contemporary Thought (Cambridge, 1995).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
Try this search on OneLook / Google