<history of philosophy> presocratic philosophers at Miletus - including Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes - who speculated about the fundamental principle (Gk. archÍ) that unifies the composition of the world. Recommended Reading: Jonathan Barnes, The Presocratic Philosophers (Routledge, 1982) and Richard D. McKirahan, Philosophy Before Socrates: An Introduction With Text and Commentary (Hackett, 1994).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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