<logic, philosophy of science> the logical relationship between any two propositions such that either the first is false or the second is true. See implication. Recommended Reading: David H. Sanford, If P, Then Q: Conditionals and the Foundations of Reasoning (Routledge, 1992); W. L. Harper, R. Stalnaker, and G. Pearce, Ifs: Conditionals, Belief, Decision, Chance, and Time (Kluwer, 1980); and Michael Woods, Conditionals, ed. by David Wiggins and Dorothy Edgington (Clarendon, 1997). See implication.
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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