<logic, philosophy of science, universalism> also called particulars are single things (e.g., Socrates) as opposed to properties or kinds of things (humanity or humankind). The latter are universals. Individuals are typically the sorts of things named by proper names (e.g., "Socrates") whereas universals are associated with general words such as verbs (e.g., "teaches"), common nouns (e.g., "man"), and adjectives (e.g., "human").
<logic> The objects or elements taken as the subjects of the predicates of first-order predicate logic.
See constant, domain, variable
[Glossary of First-Order Logic]
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