<sociology> distinction between the socially-constructed expectations associated with masculinity and femininity and the biological categories of male and female. De Beauvoir, MacKinnon, and other feminists draw attention to the disparate power relationships established by gender differentiation in our culture. Recommended Reading: Martha Craven Nussbaum, Sex & Social Justice (Oxford, 2000); Judith P. Butler, Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex (Routledge, 1993); Feminism / Postmodernism, ed. by Linda J. Nicholson (Routledge, 1989); and Gender / Body / Knowledge: Feminist Reconstructions of Being and Knowing, ed. by Alison M. Jaggar and Susan R. Bordo (Rutgers, 1989).

[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]


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