belief that everything that happens has happened before and will happen again, since the universe (or time itself) is fundamentally cyclical. A standard feature of Pythagorean and Stoic thought, this view was more recently adopted as a basis for practical hope by Nietzsche. Recommended Reading: Joan Stambaugh, Nietzsche's Thought of Eternal Return (Taylor & Francis, 1988) and Mircea Eliade, Myth of the Eternal Return, tr. by Willard R. Trask (Princeton, 1971).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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