<philosophy of science> a tendency or propensity to respond in specific ways to particular circumstances. Things are commonly supposed to have dispositional features only in virtue of their possession of intrinsic or non-dispositional properties. Thus, for example, sugar is soluble in water (even when it is not in water) because of its chemical composition. Ryle maintained that mental states can be wholly analyzed as dispositions of human bodies. Recommended Reading: Gilbert Ryle, The Concept of Mind (Chicago, 2000).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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