<philosophy, ethics, justice> greek term for legal compensation or justice; the corresponding human virtue of being just is dikai┘sun═. According to Plato, justice in this sense is best exemplified by harmonious relations in the ideal state. Aristotle, on the other hand, focussed primarily upon the equitable distribution of goods in a properly-run city. Recommended Reading: F. E. Peters, Greek Philosophical Terms: A Historical Lexicon (NYU, 1967); Eric Alfred Havelock, The Greek Concept of Justice: From Its Shadow in Homer to Its Substance in Plato (Harvard, 1978); and Richard D. Parry, Plato's Craft of Justice (SUNY, 1996) .
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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