dialectical materialism

<metaphysics, political philosophy, philosophy of history> the doctrine or theory of history espoused by Marxism. Literally (i.e., in ancient Greek), "dialectic" means dialogue or conversation, but the Hegelian understanding of dialectic posits the progression of history in determined stages. The materialist aspect of Marxism replaced Hegel's collective consciousness (see Hegelianism) with the concept of economic classes. Thus dialectical materialism is the doctrine that history progresses in stages that are based solely on the supremacy of different economic classes: feudalism replaced aristocracy, capitalism replaced feudalism, and socialism or communism will replace capitalism - all according to inexorable, immutable laws (see historical determinism). (References from historical determinism and Marxism.)

Based on [The Ism Book]

Edited by Giovanni Benzi

<2001-03-16>

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Nearby terms: Dewey John « d'Holbach Paul-Henri-Dietrich « dialectic « dialectical materialism » dianoia » Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind » Diderot Denis