<philosophy of science, epistemology, gnoseology> one of Mill's Methods. If an antecedent circumstance is observed to change proportionally with the occurrence of a phenomenon, it is probably the cause of that phenomenon. Example: "The more coffee I drink, the more difficult it is to fall asleep at night. Therefore, drinking coffee may be a cause of my insomnia." Recommended Reading: John Stuart Mill, System of Logic (Classworks, 1986).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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