<logic, mathematics, consequence, syllogism, stoicism>, <dialectic, conditional statement> the element that states the prior condition in any conditional statement. For example, "It doesn't rain" is the antecedent in both "If it doesn't rain, then we'll have a picnic" and "It will reach ninety degrees today if it doesn't rain." In a true material implication, the truth of its antecedent is incompatible with the falsity of its consequent.
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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