<aristotelianism, ethics, Socrates, psychology, will> literally, "bad mixture," the Greek term for the character flaw of incontinence or weakness of the will, the condition in which an agent is unable to perform actions that are known to be right. Although Socrates apparently held that doing good follows directly from knowing what is good, Aristotle believed akratic human behavior to be commonplace, and offered an extended account of its origin and consequences. Recommended Reading: Alfred R. Mele, Irrationality: An Essay on Akrasia, Self-Deception, and Self-Control (Oxford, 1992); Justin Gosling, Weakness of the Will (Routledge, 1990).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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