<history of philosophy, biography> English logician and theologian (1787-1863). Considered largely responsible for the revival of the study of logic in England in the early part of the nineteenth century, Whately was the author of two standard texts-Elements of Rhetoric (1828) and Elements of Logic (1826). His logic was largely Aristotelian, but explicitly followed Locke in many respects. Whately was also the author of numerous books, essays, and pamphlets in politics, economics, and religion. He admired the work of William Paley and, in his most famous work, the Historic Doubts relative to Napoleon Buonaparte (1819), argued that, if one were to adopt Hume's criteria for judging the reliability of testimony, one could deny that Napoleon had ever existed. (Contributed by Will Sweet.) Recommended Reading: Craig Parton, Richard Whately: A Man For All Seasons (Canadian, 1997) and Erkki Patokorpi, Rhetoric, Argumentative and Divine: Richard Whately and His Discursive Project of the 1820s (Peter Lang, 1996).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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