<history of philosophy, biography> American psychologist (1878-1958)whose Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist (1913) and Behavior: an Introduction to Comparative Psychology (1914) founded modern behaviorism by requiring that the science of psychology study only public, external stimuli and responses, rather than appealing to the introspection of putatively private, internal experiences. Recommended Reading: John B. Watson, Behaviorism (Transaction, 1998) and Modern Perspectives on John B. Watson and Classical Behaviorism, ed. by James T. Todd and Edward K. Morris (Greenwood, 1991).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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