<biography, history of philosophy> American moral philosopher (1929- ); author of Acts and Other Events (1977), The Realm of Rights (1990), and Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity (1996). In Rights, Restitution, and Risk: Essays in Moral Theory (1986) Thomson develops an ethical stance grounded upon the defeasible presumption of individual rights. Thomson's A Defence of Abortion (1971) famously establishes that termination of pregnancy, under certain circumstances, is morally permissible even if the fetus is granted status as a person entitled to rights. Abortion (1995) offers her more recent reflections on the same subject. Recommended Reading: Fact and Value: Essays on Ethics and Metaphysics for Judith Jarvis Thomson, ed. by Alex Byrne, Robert Stalnaker, and Ralph Wedgwood (MIT, 2001).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
Try this search on OneLook / Google