<ethics, epistemology> Socraticism is not a word that pops up very often (even in philosophy). It refers to either of two things: Socrates' position of intellectualism in ethics, or his method of asking questions in order to arrive at universal definitions of concepts such as courage and justice (what's come to be known as the "Socratic method"). His intellectualism has not been very influential, but his methodology forms the foundation of Western philosophy. The legacy of Socrates was transmitted through the works of Plato and Aristotle, who continued on the paths he started and who are sometimes called Socratic philosophers. Socrates is also a central figure of Western humanism, since he insisted that the central concerns of philosophy must be ethics and the good life, not technical issues that are of little or no interest to human beings in general.
[The Ism Book]
Edited by Giovanni Benzi
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