<history of philosophy, biography> English-Australian philosopher born in 1920. Influenced by the methods of Ryle, Smart defends a strictly physicalist philosophy of mind in Philosophy and Scientific Realism (1963). Smart's noncognitivist approach to morality yields a defence of act utilitarianism in Utilitarianism: For and Against (1973), co-authored with Bernard Williams. Recommended Reading: J. J. C. Smart and J. J. Haldane, Atheism and Theism (Blackwell, 1996).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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