<history of philosophy, biography> English moral and political philosopher (1838-1900). In The Methods of Ethics (1874) and Outlines of the History of Ethics (1886), Sidgwick surveyed the varieties of argument that may be applied to moral judgments, including intuitive common-sense, calculation of self-interest, and a utilitarian normative theory. He supposed that although each is well-founded, the three cannot be wholly reconciled with each other. We are therefore perpetually vulnerable to the possibility of conflicting moral obligations. Recommended Reading: The Works of Henry Sidgwick, ed. by John Slater (Thoemmes, 1997); Henry Sidgwick, Essays on Ethics and Method, ed. by Marcus G. Singer (Oxford, 2001); Henry Sidgwick, Philosophy: Its Scope and Relations (St. Augustine, 1998); J. B. Schneewind, Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosphy (Oxford, 1977); and Essays on Henry Sidgwick, ed. by Bart Schultz (Cambridge, 1992).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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