<history of philosophy, biography> German mathematician and physicist (1826-1866). Riemann developed field theory as a mathematical description of phenomena as apparently diverse as gravitation, magnetism, electricity, and light and contributed to the development of topology and non-Euclidean geometry. Recommended Reading: Bernhard Riemann, Gesammelte Mathematische Werke, Wissenschaftlicher Nachlass & Nachtrage: Collected Papers (Springer Verlag, 1998); Detlef Laugwitz, Bernhard Riemann, 1826-1866: Turning Points in the Conception of Mathematics, tr. by Abe Shenitzer (Springer Verlag, 1999); and Krzysztof Maurin, The Riemann Legacy: Riemannian Ideas in Mathematics and Physics (Kluwer, 1997).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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