<history of philosophy, biography> French philosopher and theologian born in 1913. Influenced by the work of Husserl and Marcel, Ricoeur's Le Volontaire et l'involontaire (Freedom and Nature) (1950) analyzes human volition into decision, movement, and consent - each of which is to be understood in relation to an involuntary analogue. L'Homme faillible (Fallible Man) (1965) and La Symbolique du mal (The Symbolism of Evil) (1967) provide a hermeneutic account of the existence and nature of human evil. Recommended Reading: A Ricoeur Reader, ed. by Mario J. Valdes (Toronto, 1991); Paul Ricoeur, Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation, tr. by Denis Savage (Yale, 1986); Paul Ricoeur, Oneself As Another, tr. by Kathleen Blarney (Chicago, 1994); Paul Ricoeur and Narrative: Context and Contestation, ed. by Joy Morny (Calgary, 1997); Charles E. Reagan, Paul Ricoeur: His Life and His Work (Chicago, 1998); John B. Thompson, Critical Hermeneutics: A Study in the Thought of Paul Ricoeur and Jurgen Habermas (Cambridge, 1984); and The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur, ed. by Lewis Edwin Hahn (Open Court, 1994).
[A Dictionary of Philsophical Terms and Names]
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