<biography, history of philosophy> Russian-American novelist and essayist (1905-1982). In addition to the social theories reflected in her popular novels, Rand introduced the philosophy of objectivism in Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology (1966) and defended a version of ethical egoism in The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism (1964). Recommended Reading: Chris Matthew Sciabarra, Ayn Rand: Her Life and Thought (Objectivist Center, 1999); David Kelley, The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand (Objectivist Center, 2000); Leonard Peikoff, Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand (Meridian, 1993); and Feminist Interpretations of Ayn Rand, ed. by Mimi Reisel Gladstein and Chris Matthew Sciabarra (Penn. State, 1999).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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