<biography, history of philosophy> French logician (1515-1572). In his Dialecticae Partitiones (The Structure of Dialectic) (1543), Ramus attacked the influence of Aristotelean thinking on education and philosophy, proposing an alternative method of reasoning that emphasized the invention of rhetorical dichotomies. This work was a significant influence on that of Bacon and Hobbes. Recommended Reading: Arguments in Rhetoric Against Quintilian: Translation and Text of Peter Ramus's Rhetoricae Distinctiones in Quintilianum, tr. by James Murphy and Carole Newlands (Northern Illinois, 1986).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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