<history of philosophy, biography> Hungarian-American mathematician (1887-1985) whose books How to Solve It (1957) and Mathematical Discovery (1962) offered an interesting variety of heuristics for the solution of mathematical and logical problems and contributed significantly to a transformation in the methods for teaching mathematics. Recommended Reading: George Polya, Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning (Princeton, 1990) and Gerald L. Alexanderson, The Random Walks of George Polya (Math. Assn. of Am., 2000).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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