<history of philosophy, biography> Alexandrian Jewish philosopher (20 BC - 50 CE) who tried to synthesize Greek philosophy with Judaism by means of an allegorical interpretation of scripture. According to Philo, the personal deity of scripture is identical with Form of the Good in Plato, and the logos is its mediating creative force. Recommended Reading: The Works of Philo, ed. by David M. Scholer and C. D. Yonge (Hendrickson, 1993); Kenneth S. Guthrie, Message of Philo Judaeus of Alexandria (Kessinger, 1997); and Robert M. Berchman, From Philo to Origen: Middle Platonism in Transition (Brown, 1985).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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