<history of philosophy, biography> Austrian philosopher (1882-1945) who founded and edited the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science. As a member of the Vienna Circle, Neurath advanced the development of logical positivism by rejecting epistemological (as well as metaphysical) assertions as meaningless. In Protocolls”tze (Protocol Statements, 1932) urged abandonment of efforts to ground science in uninterpreted phenomenal contents. His defence of the practical political doctrines of Marx necessitated emigration from Nazi Germany to England. Recommended Reading: Otto Neurath, Philosophical Papers, 1913-1946 (Reidel, 1983); Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics, ed. by Nancy Cartwright, Jordid Cat, and Thomas Uebel (Cambridge, 1996); Encyclopedia and Utopia: The Life and Work of Otto Neurath, ed. by Elisabeth Nemeth and Friedrich Stadler (Kluwer, 1996); Logical Empiricism at Its Peak: Schlick, Carnap, and Neurath, ed. by Sahotra Sarkar (Garland, 1996); and Thomas E. Uebel, Overcoming Logical Positivism from Within: The Emergence of Neurath's Naturalism in the Vienna Circle's Protocol Sentence Debate (Rodopi, 1992).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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