Meinong Alexius Ritter von Handschuchsheim

<biography, history of philosophy> Austrian philosopher (1853-1928). In Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandtheorie und Psychologie (On the Theory of Objects and Psychology) (1904), –ber Annahmen (On Assumptions) (1907), and –ber MĖglichkeit und Wahrscheinlichkeit (On Possibility and Probability) (1915), Meinong drew a strict distinction between the content of a mental act and its object. Protesting what he called the "prejudice in favor of the actual" by traditional ontology, Meinong posited many levels of reality, including not only existence but also being, subsistence, and "being-so." In Meinong's fully developed theory of objects, it is possible not only to think about the golden mountain - even though it does not exist and may even be impossible - but also to know of it that it most certainly is made of gold. Recommended Reading: Reinhardt Grossmann, Meinong (Routledge, 1999); Roderick M. Chisholm, Brentano And Meinong Studies (Rodopi, 1982); Rudolf Haller, Meinong Und Die Gegenstandstheorie (Rodopi, 1996); Kenneth J. Perszyk, Nonexistent Objects: Meinong and Contemporary Philosophy (Kluwer, 1993); and Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi, Meinong's Theory of Knowledge (Martinus Nijhoff, 1987).

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