Malthus Thomas Robert

<biography, history of philosophy> english economist (1766-1834). In his Essay on the Principle of Population (1798) Malthus pointed out that since human populations tend to grow more rapidly than their supply of food, they are eventually reduced by war, disease, and famine. In opposition to the optimism of social reformers like Godwin, Malthus urged the prohibition or postponement of marriage as a responsible social policy in Principles of Political Economy (1820). Recommended Reading: William Petersen, Malthus: Founder of Modern Demography (Transaction, 1998); Thomas Robert Malthus: Critical Assessments, ed. by John Cunningham Wood (Routledge, 1986); Malthus: Critical Responses, ed. by Geoffrey Gilbert (Routledge, 1997); and Beyond Malthus: Nineteen Dimensions of the Population Challenge, ed. by Lester R. Brown, Gary Gardner, and Brian Halweil (Norton, 1999).

[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]


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