<history of philosophy, biography> Polish political activist (1871-1919), author of Sozialreform oder Revolution? (Social Reform or Revolution?) (1899) and Die Akkumulation des Kapitals: Ein Beitrag zur Okonomischen Erklarung des Imperialismus (The Accumulation of Capital: An Anti-Critique) (1913). After studying law and economics in Switzerland, Luxemburg helped to establish socialist revolutionary movements in both Poland and Germany. Although she supported the Russian revolution, she disagreed with Lenin about the totalitarian structure of the state. The War and the Workers (1916) was written during her imprisonment in Germany. She was assassinated in Berlin. Recommended Reading: Rosa Luxemburg: Writings and Reflections, ed. by Paul Le Blanc (Humanity, 1999); Rosa Luxemburg and Emma Goldman: A Bibliography, ed. by Joan Nordquist (Reference & Research Services, 1996); Rosa Luxemburg Speaks, ed. by Mary-Alice Waters (Pathfinder, 1979); Rosa Luxemburg: A Revolutionary for Our Times, ed. by Stephen Eric Bronner (Penn. State, 1997); and Raya Dunayevskaya, Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution (Illinois, 1991).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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