<history of philosophy, biography> greek presocratic philosopher (540-475 BC) who used paradox and riddles to argue that the world is constantly changing in discussions preserved only in fragmetary reports. Although he identified fire as the original stuff (Gk. archÍ) of the universe, Heraclitus supposed that its changeable nature results in the formation of all of the traditional opposites. Recommended Reading: Fragments: The Collected Wisdom of Heraclitus, tr. by Bruce Haxton and James Hillman (Penguin, 2001); Henry W. Johnstone, Jr., Heraclitus (Bryn Mawr, 1989); and Richard G. Geldard, Remembering Heraclitus (Lindisfarne, 2000).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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