<history of philosophy, biography> after studying with Husserl, Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) undertook an academic career in Germany, teaching at both Marburg and Freiburg. He became Rector of the University of Freiburg in 1933, where he continued to teach until 1944. Because of his public support for the Nazi regime, Heidegger was forbidden to teach after the end of World War II. Heidegger's Sein und Zeit (Being and Time) (1927) applied the methods of phenomenology to ontology, in an effort to comprehend the meaning of "Being" both in general and as it appears concretely. This led Heidegger to a conception of human existence as active participation in the world, "being-there" (Ger. Dasein), despite its inherent limitations and the threat of inauthenticity. Heidegger's most familiar themes are evident in The Basic Problems of Phenomenology (1927) and Einfuehrung in die Metaphysik (Introduction to Metaphysics) (1953). "Hegel and the Greeks" is a sample of Heidegger's reflections on the history of philosophy. Recommended Reading: Primary sources: Martin Heidegger Gesamtausgabe (Klostermann, 1975- ); Martin Heidegger, The Basic Problems of Phenomenology, tr. by Albert Hofstadter (Indiana, 1988); Martin Heidegger, Being and Time: A Translation of Sein and Zeit, tr. by Joan Stambaugh (SUNY 1997); Martin Heidegger, An Introduction to Metaphysics, tr. by Ralph Manheim (Yale, 1986); Martin Heidegger, The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic, tr. by Michael Heim (Indiana, 1992); Martin Heidegger, On the Way to Language (Harper San Francisco, 1982). Secondary sources: Joan Stambaugh, The Finitude of Being (SUNY, 1992); The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger, ed. by Charles B. Guignon (Cambridge, 1993). Steven Mulhall, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Heidegger and Being and Time (Routledge, 1996); George Pattison, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to the Later Heidegger (Routledge, 2000); Michael Inwood, Heidegger (Oxford, 1997); John D. Caputo, The Mystical Element in Heidegger's Thought (Fordham, 1986); Herman Philipse, Heidegger's Philosophy of Being (Princeton, 1998); Jonathan Ree, Heidegger (Routledge, 1999). Additional on-line information about Heidegger includes: Robert Cavalier's thorough lectures on Being and Time. M. J. Inwood's article in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Also see: abandonment, Angst, authenticity, Dasein, death, "existence precedes essence", existentialism, German philosophy, hermeneutics, metaphysics, nothingness, and phenomenology. The thorough collection of resources at EpistemeLinks.com. An interesting introduction by Christopher Scott Wyatt. Lawrence Hatab's discussion of Heidegger's moral philosophy. The article in the Columbia Encyclopedia at Bartleby.com. A paper on Heidegger's view of technology and communications by George Teschner. A short article in Oxford's Who's Who in the Twentieth Century. Bjoern Christensson's brief guide. An excellent collection of links at Ereignis. A brief entry in The Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001.
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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