<biography, history of philosophy> Persian Islamic theologian (1058-1111) who rejected all philosophical claims to knowledge, attacking the views of al-Farabi and Ibn Sina, in Tahafut al falasifah (The Incoherence of the Philosophers), to which Ibn Rushd wrote a sharp reply. al-Ghazali's Logica et Philosophica defended an occasionalist view of the natural world and maintained that experience, including especially divine revelation, is a more reliable ground for knowledge than is reason. Recommended Reading: Muhammad Al-Ghazali, Mysteries of the Human Soul (Kazi, 1995); Deliverance from Error: An Annotated Translation of Al-Munqidh Min Al Dalal and Other Relevant Works of Al-Ghazali, tr. by Richard Joseph McCarthy, S.J. (Fons Vitae, 2000); and Muhammad Quasem, Ethics of Al Ghazali: The Composite Ethics in Islam (Quasem, 1975).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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