<biography, history of philosophy> German philosopher; a student of Nicolai Hartmann (1900-2002). In Wahrheit und Methode, Grundzuege einer philosophischen Hermaneutik (Truth and Method) (1960), Philosophical Hermeneutics (1977) Reason in the Age of Science (1983), Gadamer develops a hermeneutic according to which the meaning of any text is a function of the historical situations of both author and interpreter. Since each reading is grounded in its own context, no one reading offers a definitive or final interpretation of the text; the virtual dialogue continues indefinitely. Recommended Reading: Hans-Georg Gadamer, Praise of Theory: Speeches and Essays, tr. by Chris Dawson (Yale, 1999); The Philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer, ed. by Lewis Edwin Hahn (Open Court, 1996); Brice R. Wachterhauser, Beyond Being: Gadamer's Post-Platonic Hermeneutic Ontology (Northwestern, 1999); James Risser, Hermeneutics and the Voice of the Other: Re-Reading Gadamer's Philosophical Hermeneutics (SUNY, 1997); Ingrid Scheibler, Gadamer (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000); and Richard E. Palmer, Hermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer (Northwestern, 1969).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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