<*mathematics, philosophy of science, physics*>,
<*mathematical function, analysis, series of Fourier*>
French Egyptologist and mathematician (1768-1830). In his
Theorie analytique de la chaleur (The Analytical Theory of
Heat) (1822) Fourier demonstrated the use of infinite
series for calculation of the conduction of heat.
Accompanying Napolean's army into Egypt, he devoted his
later years to archaeological research and occasional essays.
Recommended Reading: John Herivel, Joseph Fourier: The Man
and the Physicist (Clarendon, 1984); Who Is Fourier?: A
Mathematical Adventure, tr. by Alan Gleason (Blackwell,
1995); Morris Kline, Mathematical Thought from Ancient to
Modern Times (Oxford, 1990); M. J. Lighthill, An introduction
to Fourier analysis and generalized functions (Cambridge,
1958).

[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]

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