<history of philosophy, biography> jewish poet and philosopher (1340-1412). An outspoken opponent of the Aristotelian philosophy of Maimonides and Gersonides, Crescas argued in Or Adonai (The Light of the Lord) (1410) that happiness is to be achieved in mystical union with god rather than through the application of human reason. His work was a significant influence on that of Spinoza. Recommended Reading: Hasdai Crescas, The Refutation of the Christian Principles, tr. by Daniel J. Lasker (SUNY, 1992); Harry Austryn Wolfson, Crescas's Critique of Aristotle: Problems of Aristotle's Physics in Jewish and Arabic Philosophy (Cambridge, 1929); and Warren Zev Harvey, Physics and Metaphysics in Hasdai Crescas (Benjamin's, 1999).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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