<religion> Confucianism derives its name from the great sage K'ung Fu Tzu or Confucius (550-480 BC), who was in many ways the Chinese equivalent of Socrates(470-399 BC). Confucianism is the main stream of Chinese philosophy, just as Western philosophy is mostly in the Socratic tradition. Although his views have been interpreted in various ways throughout history, no one denies that the philosophy of Confucius is a powerful variety of humanism. Herbert Fingarette's book on Confucius is subtitled "The Secular as Sacred". Confucius holds that the most important, indeed sacred, aspect of life is our dealings with other people, so that he puts a great emphasis on virtues like honesty, justice, integrity, and so on. He provides a great many insights about human relationships. Sometimes, when people talk about "Confucianism" they are referring not so much to Confucius' actual views as to the way his writings were used by later interpreters to justify reactionary political practices like a large bureaucracy and the stratification of society. (References from Buddhism, humanism, Neo-Confucianism, and Taoism).
Based on [The Ism Book]
Edited by Giovanni Benzi
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