<history of philosophy, biography> german philosopher and psychologist (1838-1917). An early phenomenologist, Brentano proposed the notion that intentionality is the mark of the mental in Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt (Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint) (1874). He developed an associated theory of truth in Wahrheit und Evidenz (The True and the Evident) (1930) and applied phenomenological methods to ethical issues in Vom Ursprung sittlicher Erkenntnis (The Origin of Our Knowledge of Right and Wrong) (1889), defending a pluralistic view of objective intrinsic value. Recommended Reading: Victor Velarde, On Brentano (Wadsworth, 1999) and Barry Smith, Austrian Philosophy: The Legacy of Franz Brentano (Open Court, 1996).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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