<history of philosophy, biography> english philosopher (1214-1292) who translated many Aristotelean treatises from Arabic into Latin. Although passionately interested in alchemy and magic, Roger defended reliance upon mathematics and experimental methods for the improvement of human knowledge generally and theological understanding in particular in the Opus Maius (Greater Work) (1267) and On Experimental Science (1268). His novel educational doctrines were supposed to violate the condemnation of 1277, and much of Roger's later work, including the Compendium Studii Theologiae (1292) was suppressed. Recommended Reading: Roger Bacon's Philosophy of Nature, tr. by David C. Lindberg (St. Augustine, 1997) and Stewart C. Easten, Roger Bacon and His Search for a Universal Science (Greenwood, 1984).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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