<philosophy of women, political philosophy, ethics>, <moral philosophy, phenomenology, philosophy of history>, <existensialism, metaphysics, human action, totalitarianism>, <anti-semitism, philosophy of mind, human condiction>, <political action, sociology> German-American political philosopher (1906-1975). Althoughshe had studied with Jaspers and Heidegger in Heidelberg, Arendt fled Germany in 1933 and, from her new home in the United States, wrote powerfully about the anti-Semitism of the Nazi regime, describing its emergence as an instance of "the eerie banality of [evil" in Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil (1963). Arendt's The Origins of Modern Totalitarianism (1951) decried the concentration of political power engendered by imperialism of every sort. In The Human Condition (1958), On Revolution (1963), and The Life of the Mind (1978), however, she expressed a profound skepticism about the prospect that philosophical thought could significantly influence the individual actions that determine the political structure of human culture. Recommended Reading: The Portable Hannah Arendt, ed. by Peter Baehr (Penguin, 2000); Hannah Arendt / Karl Jaspers Correspondence 1926-1969, ed. by Lotte Kohler and Hans Saner (Harcourt Brace, 1993); Margaret Canovan, Hannah Arendt: A Reinterpretation of Her Political Thought (Cambridge, 1994); Feminist Interpretations of Hannah Arendt, ed. by Bonnie Honig (Penn. State, 1995); and Dana Richard Villa, Arendt and Heidegger (Princeton, 1995).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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