<apeiron, ancient greek philosophy, mathematics, astronomy>, <Milesian school, philosophy of nature> presocratic philosopher (611-547 BC). According to fragmentary reports from other philosophers, Anaximander speculated that all matter results from the distillation of hot, cold, dry, and wet elements from apeiron (the Boundless), an infinite, intelligent, living whole. Examination of fossil evidence persuaded Anaximander that living beings develop from simpler to more complex forms over time. Recommended Reading: Charles H. Kahn, Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology (Hackett, 1994); Paul Seligman, The Apeiron of Anaximander; A Study in the Origin and Function of Metaphysical Ideas (Greenwood, 1974).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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