<sociology, aesthetics, Frankfurt school>, <philosophy of history, dialectic, storicism>, <marxism, capitalism> German musicologist, social critic, and political philosopher (1903-1969); author of Philosophie der neuen Musik (The Philosophy of Modern Music) (1949) and Noten zur Literatur (Notes to Literature) (1958-74). A leading member of the Frankfurt school, Adorno traced the development and failure of Western reliance on reason in Dialektik der Aufklaerung (Dialectic of Enlightenment) (1947). In The Authoritarian Personality (1951) Adorno described the ways conformity to the demands of social propriety imposes paradox and contradiction on the lives of individual human beings. Negative Dialektik (Negative Dialectics) (1966) openly defends the critical task of exposing, dissolving, and undermining the harmful influence of rigid conceptual schemes. Recommended Reading: The Adorno Reader, ed. by Brian O'Connor (Blackwell, 2000); Simon Jarvis, Adorno: A Critical Introduction (Routledge, 1998); Martin Jay, Adorno (Harvard, 1984); Hauke Brunkhorst, Adorno and Critical Theory (U of Wales, 1999); The Actuality of Adorno: Critical Essays on Adorno and the Postmodern, ed. by Max Pensky (SUNY, 1997).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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