<pragmatism, politics, ethics> American pragmatist and social worker (1860-1935). Concerned by the dismal living conditions endured by women, minorities, and the working poor, Addams established Hull House in Chicago as a social settlement in 1889 and campaigned tirelessly for women's suffrage, world peace, and economic justice. Her address to the Chicago Liberty Meeting, Democracy or Militarism (1899) and the pamphlet Why Women Should Vote (1909) are representative expressions of her belief that women properly exert a pacifistic influence on American political life. Her writings on social issues include Democracy and Social Ethics (1902), Newer Ideals of Peace (1907), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil (1911),Twenty Years at Hull House (1912), The Larger Aspects of the Women's Movement (1914), and Women, War, and Suffrage (1915). Addams shared the 1931 Nobel Prize for peace. Recommended Reading: Allen F. Davis, American Heroine (Ivan R. Dee, 2000); Mary Jo Deegan, Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School, 1892-1918 (Transaction, 1990).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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